Thursday, November 12, 2009

BOOORED

I don't even know why I'm even doing this hiatus
I don't even feel like doing hw
And I am extremely booored.
I don't wanna grade my hall essay
Or go over notes for math
Or study for the Japanese quiz/test
Or do the key club activity
But I have to do the key club activity AND everything else! Like, because I usually DON'T study for japanese, I have one of the lowest grades (a 92 XD) and I hate writing かんじ like 下、上,土曜日、中外、大きい 小さい 目 口 夕,何 ESPESCIALLY 曜 thats a freaking pain!
But yea, I need to do that crap...

Monday, November 9, 2009

Human Studying

Today is the first day that I started my AIM/Facebook hiatus
really, anything I use on the internet too much for fun
Soooo, all that is left is blogger and email XD
But, because human comp is tomorrow, I've been studying
And I'm making that glossary like last time.
So, if you bother to check this, You can see! But I'm not done yet. I'll probably add the rest by the end of the night. If I forget, I'm giving it to Chris put on facebook! But this is just because I know I can put it here

What I have so far! some are blank because I'm not sure what they are, so if you can tell me, please do!

Unit 1 Review!

Agricultural Density - The number of farmers per unit of arable land. A higher agricultural density usually means a poorer country

Arithmetic Density - The number of people per unit of area (NOT POPULATION!)

Cartography - The art of making maps

Concentration - Dispersion of people over a large area (NOT DENSITY!)
Clusters vs. Scattered

Contagious Diffusion - Rapid, widespread, indiscriminating diffusion. (A type of Expansion Diffusion)
Internet, AIDS

Cultural Ecology - The study of human environment relationships.
Use of land, heat factors

Culture - Why each region of the Earth is distinctive and different from each other.
Indian Food, American fast food culture

Density - Amount per unit of area (how many... per...)
1719 people per square mile

Diffusion - The spread of ideas or people. There are two main types: Relocation and Expansion
People moving, Spread of the Speedee Service System

Distance Decay - The idea that, the farther away you are from something, the less interaction and communications occur (similar to distance friction)
Farther away from LA, less likely to get the LA Times

Environmental Determinism - The idea that human actions were caused, scientifically, by the environment around them.
Better climate in Hawaii is less stressful that New York

Expansion Diffusion - The spread of ideas. There are three types: Hierarchical Diffusion, Contagious Diffusion, and Stimulus Diffusion
Spread of the Assembly line

Formal Region - Virtually everyone in the region shares the same characteristic (but not necessarily everyone), which is usually dominant)

Functional Region - A region based on a nodal/focal point. Usually surrounds a point with some sort of information spread.
News Viewership, subscriptions.

GIS - Stands for Geographic Information System. It is a layered map on a computer that can store a lot of information and combine different maps. There is a lot of controversy over the discriminatory info it shows, but its useful because it shows multiple types of information easily and together.
9/11 relief, Income vs. Drugs

GPS - Global Positioning System. It uses the technology of satellites and maps to give direction and pinpoint exact location.

Globalization - The increasing interconnectedness of todays world. Deals with economic, political, environmental, and cultural cooperation.

Greenwich Mean Time - The time zone along the Prime Meridian, and the time we use to figure out time universally.

Hearth - The center where diffusion starts from
Industrial Revolution

Hierarchical Diffusion - The spread of ideas from a higher or central hub to other areas.
Fashion

International Date Line - The imaginary meridian that occurs at 180˚W and 180˚E. When going over it, you go 24 hours ahead eastward, and 24 hours back westward

Latitude - Lines measuring from 0˚-90˚ (from the equator, and measure North and South)

Location - A specific point in space, basis of spatial analysis

Longitude - Lines with a range from 0˚-180˚ (from the Prime Meridian, measure East and West)

Map - A symbolic abstraction of an area and the world around us, or a certain are. Maps lie!
World Map, City maps

Meridian - The specific name for a line of longitude

Parallel - The specific name for a line of latitude

Physiological Density - Number of people per unit of arable land

Polder - Dry land that has been created by taking all the water on it, and draining it
The Zuider Zee Project

Possibilism - The idea that all environments have limitations, but humans can change the environment.

Prime Meridian - The line of longitude at 0˚, where all other lines are based off of.

Pattern - The arrangement of geometric objects/features in space.
Grid system of roads

Projection - Different ways of putting a 3D globe on a 2D surface
Equal area, Conic, Conformal, Cylindrical, Oval, Planar

Region - An area with specific boundaries, and specific location. It is uniform on the inside, but unique from an outside view. It is Geography’s unit of measurement.
Cerritos, Whitney, SoCal

Regional Studies - The study of regions... You better not get this wrong! -.-

Relocation Diffusion - The type of diffusion in which people actually move.
Immigrants from China to California

Remote Sensing - Satellites measure areas and get a terrain and basic maps using this technique

Resource - An area where information and necessities are to be found
Rivers, Library

Scale - Refers to size of area being study. Remember, large scale means SMALL area, while small scale means LARGE area
World, Country, State, City, Street, House...

Site - The naturally occurring factors of an area
Trees, climate, rivers

Situation - The location of an area in relation to what’s around it
McDonald’s is near a gas station

Space-time compression - The concept that it takes a shorter time to travel through time and space
Plane travel, Instant email, Doesn’t take days!

Stimulus Diffusion - The type of expansion diffusion where a idea in its entirety isn’t spread, but the essence of it is still there
Aloo Tikki Burger! Where are my Indians!

Toponym - The name of a place
Cerritos, New York

Transnational Corporation - A corporation that has extended its operation to multiple countries for more profits
Coca Cola, Pepsi, McDonald’s

Uneven Development - When a company’s development and economy goes very fast and leaves behind rural areas
UK, United States, India

Vernacular/Perceptual Region - Regions perceived as a cultural identity. It is the most subject to stereotypes and misunderstandings
The “South”, Chinatown

Additional Unit 1 Terms

Absolute Location - Location defined by longtitude and latitude measurement. Not used conventionally

Absorbing Barrier - Refers to a country that prevents information from entering by “absorbing” the information
North Korea

Accessibility - How well a location interacts with other locations
Supplies!

Manmade environment vs. Natural environment - The comparison of what we are affecting and what was already there.
Buildings, leveling; use of hills and rivers

Connectivity - Levels of development in communication
Television, phone, internet

Cultural Landscape - landscape created by people and their culture combine with nature.
Rice terraces, Native American respect for the land

Friction of Distance - See distance decay! Do I say anymore?

Interconnections - The multiple links between people, ideas, places, and etc. Places being connected to other places.
Email for anyone, world is compressed.

Location Theory/Nearness Principle - Location matters, and the nearness principle applies the idea of distance decay, and why you should be close to your customer base.

Node - The focal point of a functional region.
Times Square/New York for the New York times

Permeable Barrier - Refers to a country government that only allows certain information in
China

Place - a location with a human and emotional connection
Towne Center, Home

Placelessness - When a location looks like may other places, taking away uniqueness and true human connection
Disneyland, McDonald’s

Relative Location - Where a location is in situation with something else (like situation)
The park is near my house

Spatial Analysis - The process of breaking down what we see around us into simpler terms.

Spatial Association - Seeing things in space and how they are related to each other. Two similar/casual phenomena in one area.
Cancer near Factories

Spatial Perspective - The variety of human activities in any location

Utility - How useful a place is, to its maximum.
McDonald’s near high lunch.morning traffic.

Unit 2 Review!

Chapter 2

Age cohort - An age group on a population pyramid. It groups ages together to make it a bit easier to read.

Agricultural Density - The number of farmers per unit of arable land. A higher agricultural density usually means a poorer country

Agricultural Revolution - The first time there was ever a real spike in human population. Happened many thousand years ago, first time humans settled down.

Anti/pro-natalist policies - Policies that are for or against growth. 
 For: Germany, Russia; Against: China, India

Arithmetic Density - The number of people per unit of area (NOT POPULATION!)

Census - Population counts that countries take to know specific information about their citizens (age, race, family size) Very useful to the geographer.

Contraception - Different ways to prevent birth.
Abortion, Condoms, Birth Control Pills, etc.

Crude Birth Rate (CBR) - The amount of children born per 1000 people. Not the best way to understand future growth, and just a raw number
20 per 1000 CBR

Crude Death Rate (CDR) - The amount of people that died per 1000 people
10 per 1000 CDR

Demographic Transition - An extremely HUGE part of Human Geography. It goes along with a model, and describes nations in different stages of population growth. The first stage has high CBR and high CDR, second has high CBR low CDR, third has lowering CBR and low CDR, and fourth has low CBR and low CDR. Population is highest in the fourth stage, and for any more information, look at your notes.

Demography - The study of population and demographics

Dependency ratio - The increased dependence on one type of weaker people, older or younger. Stage 4 countries lean toward older generations, while Stage 2 lean toward younger ones.

Ecumene - Parts of the planet which have been permanently inhabited. It has increased over the years, but only 40 percent of all land is ecumene.

Industrial Revolution - The change from old ways to new in manufacturing, and the biggest reason that most of Europe and current MDCs moved into stage 2.

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) - The number of infants that die before the age of 1 per 1000 live births

Life expectancy - The length of life someone is expected to live, based on where they live and living conditions. Stage 4 countries usually have higher life expectancies.

Medical Revolution - Also known as epidemiological transition. This was the push that made all current stage 2 countries get into stage 2. It was the introduction of medicine.

Natural Rate of Increase (NIR) - The rate which a country’s population is increasing. Found by subtracting CDR from the CBR

Overpopulation - Happens when the population is too great for the available resources to handle. NOT too many people per unit of area, rarely has anything to do with density!

Physiological Density - Number of people per unit of arable land

Population Agglomeration - Populations clustering in certain areas
Near rivers, in urban areas, LA, New York

Population Pyramid - A tool used by geographers to determine growth and size, and many other things about population. Uses only age and gender

Replacement Fertility - The total fertility rate that is needed to ensure a stable population. As the book says it, it is 2.1 TFR

Sex Ratio - Comparison of males versus females, to determine type of village and why there are more than the other.

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) - A number that predicts how many babies a woman between the ages of 15-49 can expect to have in her lifetime, according to census data. Usually used to determine growth better than the CBR

Zero Population Growth (ZPG) - When population growth slows down that NIR is 0 or negative, resulting in no growth.

Additional Terms

“Baby Boomer” - A person from the post World War 2 era, when Americans had many more children and married earlier, because there was a booming economy. There are many reasons for the US baby boom.

Carrying Capacity - The number of people an environment can support without negative effects)

Demographic Momentum - The idea that differences in age and gender structure can be a large influence on growth. If there is a younger population, there’s likely more growth as years go on, and if there are more females, then there;s a chance of higher growth.
UK vs. South Korea

Gendered Space -

Population Policy - What a country’s view on controlling population is. The three different types are expansive, eugenic, and restrictive. Each one also has a way to show what stage the country is in.
Expansive: Russia, Eugenic:Nazi Germany, Restrictive: China

Population Program - The way that a government implements its policy.
Incentives for children, etc.

Chapter 3

Brain Drain - When a country (like the United States) takes in immigrants based on skill level, and takes in the smarter and better educated members of another society, draining the other society’s higher education pool.

Chain Migration - Migration that results in more people coming because of word of mouth and other techniques to get more people to come back. Usually immigrants telling families at home.

Circulation -

Counter-urbanization - The newer migration pattern, where people are moving out of urban and suburban areas to “get away from it all” and go to the woods and outdoors. They still can be connected because of modern technology.

Emigration - The flow of migration outwards from a country.

Floodplain - An area where flooding is quite common, and can affect migration to that area

Forced Migration - When a migrant is forced to leave a country. Usually for cultural and political reasons
Vietnam War, Haitian upheaval, etc.


Guest Worker - An immigrant who comes to a country to earn money, but isn’t supposed to be there permanently, and does undesirable jobs. There are pros and cons to having guest workers

Immigration - The flow of migration into a country

International migration - Migration to another country

Internal migration - Migration within a country

Inter-regional migration - Migration within a region

Intra-regional migration - Migration between regions (why exactly am I defining these?)

Intervening obstacle - Something that prevents migration. In the past, they were mostly physical, but now a days, its more cultural and political obstacles that are in the way.
Appalachian Mountains, Vietnam War, Berlin Wall

Migration - please don’t make me define this -.-

Migration transition - Works with the demographic transition. It’s net in/out migration changes, and how its affected by each stage of the Demographic Transition Model. It starts out with no migration, then mostly out migration, then mostly in migration.

Mobility - The ability to move around, and get around, levels of transportation and migration capability. Can have an effect on suburbanization

Net migration (in/out migration) - The actual migration. Found by seeing which is higher, emigration or immigration
Untied States - Net-in migration; India - Net-out migration

Push/pull factors - Factors that encourage migration to and from a country. They are financial, cultural, political, or environmental
Natural disasters, better job opportunities, freedom

Quota - The number of migrants a country allows to come into the country. Can be one number, or based on different factors.

Refugee - A special type of migrant. They only leave a country for refuge from cultural/political factors. This type of migrant is treated differently than a normal migrant.
USSR refugees, Cuban refugees

Undocumented Immigrant - An immigrant that isn’t listed, or known to migrate to a country. In the Untied States, usually called an illegal immigrant.

Voluntary Migration - Migration for reasons that only teh migrant wants to fulfill. Usually for economic reasons.

Additional Terms

Activity Space - The area and space in which a person interacts with on a normal basis.
Airplane pilots have large ones, Elementary School kids have smaller ones

Cyclic Movement - Movement that occurs at a regular basis.
Going to School, running, going home

Counter-Migration - Th idea that, for every flow of migration, there is a counter flow of people going back to the original country

Periodic Movement - Movement that has no pattern, only happens occasionally
Going to another country, trips to a cousin’s house

Seasonal Movement - Movement that occurs in accordance with the seasons, like winter, summer, etc.
Hawaii, Florida, Arizona, Winter ski resorts.

Step Migration - The idea that most migration occurs in upward steps, going from lower to higher. In general, rural to urban, or urban to suburban.
Apartment to house

Transhumance - When people move with livestock, transferring animals to where they go. Refers to nomadic times.

Transnational Migration - Being a citizen of two countries, and traversing between the two.
Dual Citizenship, moving back and forth.

Sunday, November 8, 2009

post 150?

yes!
HALLO! i feel like something should be here, but I really don't wanna say anything. So ima just type the alphabet for your entertainment

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

ehehehehe shameless space using.

I feel like enron XD

guess why I'm so nerdy!
I wonder if anyone will read this. I think i'm in love ;D I am ninja!
expected something else?
I wonder... x)